Jorge martinez and paul smoke conclusion in local government finance the challenges of the 21st century united cities and local governments second global report on decentralization and local democracy barcelona 2010edward elgar 2011. Local government finance the challenges of the 21st century by united cities and local governments starting at local government finance the challenges of the 21st . the contributors do a fine job of highlighting important trends in local government autonomy and finance and then linking those trends to practical recommendations for reform policymakers and local public finance scholars will certainly find the report a useful reference c united cities and local governments 2011 all rights reserved. Gold ii also identifies universal as well as regional and country specific financing challenges facing local governments some of the most common and consequential challenges include unpredictable and problematically structured transfers and grants excessive budget controls imposed by higher level governments and unfunded mandates. Local government and finance the challenges of the 21st century united cities and local governments on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers this book
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