Hybrid arq is a combination of arq and forward error correction there are two basic approaches messages are always transmitted with fec parity data and error . In telecommunication information theory and coding theory forward error correction fec or channel coding is a technique used for controlling errors in data . Mathematics level 1 equations and expressions communicate and explain counting grouping and equal sharing strategies using words numbers and pictures. There are several stream cipher algorithms presented in the existing literature in a binary additive stream cipher the cipher text is produced by bit wise addition . Application of immune algorithms on solving minimum cost problem of water distribution network
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